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L'attitude des citoyens européens à l'égard de l'environnement. Eurobaromètre

L'attitude des citoyens européens à l'égard de l'environnement. Eurobaromètre

Messagepar scripta manent » Mer 24 Sep 2014 19:03

La Direction générale de l'environnement de la Commission européenne a confié à TNS Opinion and Social une étude sur l'attitude des citoyens européens à l'égard de l'environnement. Il semble qu'elle ne soit disponible qu'en anglais, au moins à ce jour.

Nous citons le chapitre " Principaux enseignements " :
" General attitudes of Europeans towards the environment
 Almost all Europeans say that protecting the environment is important to them personally, and over half say it is very important.
 Half or more of Europeans say that they are worried about air pollution and water pollution, while over four in ten are worried about the impact on health from
chemicals in everyday products and the growing amount of waste.
 Over three-quarters of respondents feel that environmental problems have a direct effect on their daily lives.
Behaviour and priorities regarding the environment
 85% of people believe they can play a role in protecting the environment.
 A majority of Europeans separate waste for recycling, and cut down on energy consumption.
 However, the proportion of people who separate waste for recycling varies considerably from country to country, from 92% in Luxembourg and Slovenia, to 23% in Bulgaria.
 Europeans consider the sorting of waste for recycling, the reduction of home energy consumption, and the use of public transport to be the main priorities for
protecting the environment.
 Three-quarters of Europeans are willing to pay a little more for environmentallyfriendly products, up from 72% in 2011.
Information on environmental issues is increasingly available in the EU
 Over six out of ten respondents say they feel well-informed about environmental issues, and a majority feel well-informed in all countries except the Czech
 The impact on health of chemicals used in everyday products is the issue most people would like more information about.
 Television remains the main source of information about environmental issues, but the proportion of respondents who rely on it is declining, from 72% in 2011 to
65%. Social media and the Internet are the second most-used source, and the proportion of those who rely on them is up from 30% to 41%.
 Scientists, environmental protection agencies and television are the most trusted sources of environmental information.
For most Europeans, environmental issues have a direct impact on their daily life and on the economy
 Three-quarters of people think that the state of the environment influences their quality of life, slightly fewer than think it is influenced by the economy, but more than think it is influenced by social factors.
 Around three-quarters of Europeans say that the protection of the environment can boost economic growth.
 About four-fifths of respondents believe that the efficient use of natural resources can boost economic growth.
 Environmental criteria, along with social and economic criteria, should all be used to judge national progress, most people think.
A shared responsibility in protecting the environment
 Over three-quarters of respondents feel that big companies and industry are not doing enough to protect the environment.
 Roughly two-thirds of people think that their national government and citizens themselves are also not doing enough.
 Over half of Europeans think the EU is not doing enough to protect the environment.
 The proportion of people who think that citizens themselves are doing about the right amount has risen substantially in many countries since 2011.
 About six out of ten people think that public authorities should favour environmentally-friendly considerations over cost considerations; only a fifth would put cost considerations first.
 Almost all Europeans agree that the big polluters have primary responsibility for repairing the damage they cause.
 Introducing heavier fines for offenders and ensuring higher financial incentives for protecting the environment are seen as the most effective ways to tackle
environmental problems.
Europeans favour action at EU level to protect the environment
 Six out of ten respondents believe that environmental decisions should be taken jointly between national governments and the EU.
 In 23 countries, a majority of respondents think that environmental decisions should be taken jointly.
 At least three-quarters of respondents agree that :
o European environmental legislation is necessary for protecting the environment in their country.
o The EU should be able to check that environmental laws are being applied correctly in their country.
o The EU should assist non-EU countries to improve their environmental standards.
o More EU funding should be allocated to supporting environmentally-friendly activities.

Pour prendre connaissance de l'ensemble du rapport : Special Eurobarometer 416
scripta manent
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