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Une étude sur les risques à venir pour l'approvisionnement en eau

Une étude sur les risques à venir pour l'approvisionnement en eau

Messagepar causonsen » Jeu 06 Nov 2014 16:10

Le Monde.fr de ce jour (6 novembre 2014) se fait l'écho de la publication d'une étude sur les risques d'approvisionnement en eau :
" Les grandes entreprises mondiales sont de plus en plus préoccupées par leur consommation d'eau au point que certaines d'entre elles estiment que ce problème représente un risque pour la croissance de leur activité, selon un rapport publié mercredi par le CDP (ex-Carbon Disclosure Project), une organisation indépendante qui a analysé les réponses de 174 des 500 plus grands groupes mondiaux. "

L'originalité de cette étude est qu'elle aborde la question du point de vue des grandes entreprises.

Nous en citons la conclusion :
" The global water crisis presents many businesses with a unique set of challenges. In some cases, companies may be able to engineer solutions that secure their own water needs. However, this may do little to address the underlying risk drivers. There is little advantage to being a clean fish in a dirty pond.
Furthermore, those parts of the world that offer the greatest potential for economic growth in the years to come are also those that are at most risk from water stress. Business as usual approaches to growth may therefore need to be re-visited and re-evaluated.
Government clearly has a greater role to play. Almost one-third of Global 500 respondents report that they face regulatory risks to their direct operations, and they identify 152 such risks where they require policy clarity from government. The message from business is that it wants to see transparency, longevity and consistency in terms of water management policy interventions.
But companies also need to ask searching questions of their own water impacts, and how those impacts and associated corporate risks are to be mitigated. CDP data clearly shows that corporate water risk assessments are frequently insufficiently rigorous, given the nature of the risks these companies may face, and the potential value at stake.
Companies will also need to innovate. With global water stress predicted to increase, opportunities will be created to help society better manage water resources – opportunities such as the potential identified by Nokia to apply mobile telecoms technology to water use-related data gathering.
But some may also need to innovate in terms of rethinking business models to thrive in a more water-constrained world.
This year’s report is a call to the C-Suite to adopt a corporate water stewardship approach, taking ownership of the water impact of the companies they run, and to take responsibility for water externalities, building greater business resilience. The business case for action is both clear and compelling – ensuring business continuity, securing an ongoing license to operate, and protecting brand value. CDP provides a voluntary framework that can support the changes that companies will need to make to secure business value.
What is required is leadership from the top. Water stewardship requires investment, in both financial and human capital terms. Business leaders, their investors and policy makers must move quickly, efficiently and collectively if the global challenges posed by water insecurity are to be addressed
. "

Pour accéder au texte complet de l'étude : CDP

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