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Un débat aux USA autour du darwinisme social

Un débat aux USA autour du darwinisme social

Messagepar scripta manent » Mer 04 Avr 2012 14:17

Robert Reich est professeur de Politique publique à Berkeley. Il a exercé des responsabilités gouvernementales dans trois administrations, notamment le Secrétariat d'Etat au Travail avec le Président Bill Clinton. Il a écrit 13 livres consacrés aux problématiques économiques et sociales, dont "Supercapitalisme".
La lecture de son blog apporte un éclairage intéressant sur les débats qui accompagnent la campagne présidentielle aux USA et, plus largement, sur l'affrontement en cours entre les tenants de l'ultralibéralisme et ceux d'une régulation étatique.

Il a notamment publié hier :
The Choice in 2012: Social Darwinism or a Decent Society
"The returns aren’t all in yet on today’s Republican primaries but President Obama didn’t wait. He kicked off his 2012 campaign against Mitt Romney with a hard-hitting speech centered on the House Republicans’ budget plan – which Romney has enthusiastically endorsed.
That plan, by the way, is the most radical reverse-Robin Hood proposal propounded by any political party in modern America. It would save millionaires at least $150,000 a year in taxes while gutting Medicaid, Medicare, Food Stamps, transportation, child nutrition, college aid, and almost everything else average and lower-income Americans depend on.
Here’s what the President had to say about it:
Disguised as a deficit reduction… it is really an attempt to impose a radical vision on our country. It is thinly veiled social Darwinism.
We are likely to hear a lot more about social Darwinism in the months ahead. It was the conservative creed during the late 19th century – legitimizing a politics in which the lackeys of robber barons deposited sacks of money on legislators’ desks, and justifying an economy in which sweat shops were common, urban slums festered, and a significant portion of America was impoverished.
Social Darwinism encapsulated the idea of survival of the fittest (a phrase Charles Darwin never actually used) as applied to societies as a whole. Its chief apostle in America was Yale Professor William Graham Sumner.
Here’s what Sumner had to say in his social-Darwinian classic “What Social Classes Owe to Each Other” (1883): "Let it be understood that we cannot go outside of this alternative: Liberty, inequality, survival of the fittest; not-liberty, equality, survival of the unfittest. The former carries society forward and favors all its best members; the latter carries society downwards and favors all its worst members."
Could there be a better summary of what today’s regressive Republicans believe? "


Le blog de Robert Reich :
http://robertreich.org
scripta manent
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Re: Un débat aux USA autour du darwinisme social

Messagepar pierre » Mer 04 Avr 2012 14:45

Quelle concision sur les enjeux de la campagne électorale états-unienne dans cet article de Robert Reich !

Ayons à l'esprit que l'ultralibéralisme nous est advenu par la fascination exercée par ce pays.
pierre
 
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Enregistré le: Dim 18 Sep 2011 15:58


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